Sebastian (I.S.) Buhai, PhD: Brief résumé with links (November 2017)
For a detailed Curriculum Vitae please download the extended PDF version.
Current/ Recent Academic Affiliations
Since 11/2014, I am Associated Researcher at the Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI), Stockholm University, Sweden. Moreover, I have long-term affiliations with the research centers CCP at Copenhagen Business School (Denmark), CELSI (Slovakia), and NIPE at University of Minho (Portugal)—the latest of which I have enjoyed visiting frequently in the past years. As of October 2017, I am also a 2017-2018 Advanced Fellow of the STAR-UBB Institute at Babes-Bolyai University (Romania).
Between 01/2015 and 04/2015, I was Visiting Professor at the Einaudi Institute for Economics and Finance (EIEF) in Rome. From 05/2013 to 10/2014, I was Visiting Faculty at the Department of Economics, Stockholm University. In the interval 05/2010-05/2013, I was Marie Curie International Outgoing Fellow, under EU Commission’s FP7-People Marie Curie Actions Program, at the Department of Economics, Northwestern University in Chicago (first 2 years) and at the Department of Economics and Business, Aarhus University (3rd year). It was a privilege and honor to have Dale Mortensen as scientific mentor for that Marie Curie project, and beyond.
Main Research Interests
Microeconometrics, Labor Economics, Empirical IO, Applied Microeconomics, Real Options, Social Networks
- 2008 (November): Ph.D. in Economics, Tinbergen Institute / Erasmus University Rotterdam
- 2003: M.Phil. in Economics, Tinbergen Institute
- 2001: B.Sc. in Sciences (Mathematics/ Theoretical Physics), University College Utrecht / Utrecht University
- 2001: B.A. in Social Sciences (Economics/ Law/ Political Sciences), University College Utrecht/ Utrecht University
Published and Other Completed Research
* I maintain a much more detailed page on my Economics research including, inter alia, titles/ synopses/ abstracts/ trivia of my (other) research (in progress).
Peer-reviewed academic journal publications:
- Returns to Tenure or Seniority? (with Miguel Portela, Coen Teulings & Aico van Vuuren), March 2014, Econometrica, 82 (2), pages 705–730, DOI: 10.3982/ECTA8688 . See also the corresponding Web Appendix or the older July 2009 version (includes theory framework)
- Tenure Profiles and Efficient Separation in a Stochastic Productivity Model (with Coen Teulings), May 2014, Journal of Business and Economic Statistics, 32:2, pages 245-258, DOI:10.1080/07350015.2013.866568. See also the corresponding Web Appendix or the accepted, non-gated, November 2013 version
- How Productive is Workplace Health and Safety? (with Elena Cottini & Niels Westergaard-Nielsen), Oct 2017, Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 119(4), pages 1086-1104, DOI:10.1111/sjoe.12184. See also the corresponding Online Appendix or the accepted, non-gated, December 2015 version
Selected research in downloadable working paper format:
- A Social Network Analysis of Occupational Segregation (with Marco van der Leij), current stage: in revision
- Firm Downsizing, Public Policy, and the Age Structure of Employment Adjustments (with Hans-Martin von Gaudecker), current stage: in revision
Published dissertations and research review articles:
- Buhai, I.S. (2008), “Essays on Labour Markets: Worker-Firm Dynamics, Occupational Segregation and Workplace Conditions” (digital version accessible via the EUR online repository), PhD Thesis November 2008, Tinbergen Institute and Erasmus University Rotterdam, published as book at Thela Thesis -Academic Publishing Services, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
- Buhai, I.S. (2006), “Wages, Seniority and Separation Rates in a Stochastic Productivity Model: A Comparative Perspective”, M.Phil. Thesis May 2003, Tinbergen Institute and Erasmus University Rotterdam, published as monograph at Editura Lumen (Lumen Publishing House), Iasi, Romania
- Buhai, I.S. (2005), “Quantile Regression: Overview and Selected Applications“, Ad-Astra Journal (Young Romanian Scientists’ Journal), Vol. 4
- Buhai, I.S. (2003), “Note on Panel Data Econometrics”, Netherlands Network of Economics (NAKE)’s “Nieuws”, 15 (2)
Publications, working papers and dissertations in other fields than Economics:
- Scientometrics/ Science Policy: Buhai, I.S., G.C. Silaghi, F.O. Bilbiie, A.G. Halunga, C.M. Litan, V. Midrigan, C. Pop-Eleches, Z. Sandor, M.C. Voia (2016), “The Rise for Academic Integrity in Romanian (Domestic) Economic Sciences“, scientific report/ manifesto concerning the state of the Economics research inside Romania
- Science Policy: Buhai, I.S., C.M. Litan and G.C. Silaghi (2015), “Demotivarea performantei: cazul criteriilor nationale de evaluare a cercetarii in Stiintele Economice din Romania” (translated English title: “Disincentivizing the performance: the case of the Romanian national criteria for evaluating research in Economic Sciences”; you can download an abstract in English or some presentation slides in English), chapter in the 2015 Report of the Romanian Think Tank “Grupul de Analiza, Atitudine si Actiune in Politica Stiintei din Romania” (Raport 2015 – TT-G3A), Journal of Science Policy and Scientometrics/ Revista de Politica Stiintei si Scientometrie-Serie Noua, Vol 4(4)/Dec 2015, pp. 250-287
- International Law: Buhai, I.S. (2006), “Customary Law Assessment and Aplications: Capital Punishment for Juvenile Offenders”, chapter in volume “New Approaches in Humanistic Sciences” at Editura Lumen (Lumen Publishing House), Iasi, Romania
- Science Policy: Buhai, I.S. (2004), “Conditia Cercetatorului: Intre Realitatea de Acasa si Idealul din Afara” (in Romanian), Ad-Astra Journal (Young Romanian Scientists’ Journal), Vol 3 (2)
- Theoretical Physics: Buhai, I.S. (2001), “Classical Solutions to Double Oscillator Field Theory”, unpublished B.Sc. Honors Thesis, University College Utrecht, May 2001
For more details and additional information: please see my extended CV (PDF version).
Sebastian Buhai’s Research in Economics
I am primarily a Labor Economist and Microeconometrician, with further, eclectic interests in themes, as well as in theoretical and/ or empirical modeling tools, typical of (Applied) Microeconomics, (Empirical) Industrial Organization, Game Theory, and Social Networks. Thematically, most of my research to date has studied labor or industrial market-type questions revolving around, inter alia: human capital accumulation and dynamics of worker careers; bargaining, rent-sharing, and wage formation; persistent wage and employment inequality; incentive pay schemes; firm performance, investment in (in)tangibles, and employee outcomes. Methodologically, my research expertise is particularly developed in relation to: noncooperative game theory, real option theory, and search & matching theory—especially applied in labor contexts; respectively, theoretical and applied dimensions of cross-sectional and panel-data econometrics. You may also want to check out my ORCID, ResearcherID, IDEAS.RePEc, or Scholar.Google profiles, but keep in mind that those are less clear/ complete/ correct than this webpage in terms of listing/ organizing my research production; as for automatic citation retrieval, Scholar.Google outperforms the alternatives—though it still underestimates my citation counts.
Returns to Tenure or Seniority? (with Miguel Portela, Coen Teulings and Aico van Vuuren), March 2014, Econometrica, 82 (2), pages 705–730, DOI: 10.3982/ECTA8688 . See also the corresponding Web Appendix or the old July 2009 version (includes theory framework).
Synopsis. This paper makes original contributions to the wage setting and internal labor markets literatures, conceptually and methodologically. We show that a worker’s tenure relative to her co-workers determines both her layoff probability and her wage, apart from other worker or firm (un)observables. We prove identification of this “seniority” effect in flexible duration and wage regression models, then estimate it on longitudinal LEED from Denmark and Portugal.
Keywords: wage dynamics, tenure, seniority, Last-In-First-Out
JEL-codes: J31, J41, J63
Tenure Profiles and Efficient Separation in a Stochastic Productivity Model (with Coen Teulings), May 2014, Journal of Business and Economic Statistics, 32:2, pages 245-258, DOI:10.1080/07350015.2013.866568 . See also the corresponding Web Appendix or the accepted, non-gated, November 2013 version. Trivia: The paper has earlier had a 2nd R&R at the Review of Economic Studies (with a change of the editor-in-charge for the 2nd resubmission).
Synopsis. This paper makes a critical methodological contribution with substantive implications in the wage dynamics literature. We use real option theory to model the stochastic evolution of worker-firm productivity matches, given job specific investments and efficient separations. We identify the model’s structural parameters from individual job durations & wages, and estimate them on US panel data, informing the incessant debate on wage returns to tenure.
Keywords: random productivity growth, efficient bargaining, job tenure, inverse gaussian, wage-tenure profiles, option theory
JEL-codes: C33, C41, J31, J63
How Productive is Workplace Health and Safety? (with Elena Cottini and Niels Westergaard-Nielsen), October 2017, Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 119(4), pages 1086-1104, DOI:10.1111/sjoe.12184. See also the corresponding Online Appendix or the accepted, non-gated, December 2015 version. Trivia: Earlier working paper versions of this article were entitled “The Impact of Workplace Conditions on Firm Performance”; although the paper was accepted (bar minor editing details) in December 2015, it appeared online on the journal’s site only in May 2016, as “early-view” in July 2017, and in an SJE volume only in October 2017…
Synopsis. This paper makes a novel empirical contribution to both literatures on work environment and determinants of firm productivity, extending earlier methodology in this process. We study the causal effect of workplace health & safety indicators on total factor productivity, estimating augmented production functions that account for simultaneity and unobservable inputs; we use unique data, merging panel LEED to cross-sectional surveys on workplace conditions.
Keywords: occupational health and safety, work environment, firm performance, production function estimation
JEL codes: C33, C36, D24, J28, L23
Downloadable working papers
A Social Network Analysis of Occupational Segregation (with Marco van der Leij); current stage: in revision, new version coming soon.
Synopsis. This paper contributes to the literature on persistent employment and wage inequality with a novel applied theory framework. We model occupational segregation between races or genders when referrals matter for jobs and there is positive group-homophily, then we calibrate and simulate this model in a social-welfare analysis. We show that the game-theoretical equilibria, and both the 1st and 2nd-best utilitarian optimal welfare policies entail partial segregation.
Keywords: Social Networks, Homophily, Occupational Segregation, Labor Market Inequality, Social Welfare
JEL codes: J24, J31, J70, Z13
Firm downsizing, public policy, and the age structure of employment adjustments (with Hans-Martin von Gaudecker); current stage: in revision.
Synopsis. This paper combines thematically the labor demand and early retirement literatures, by means of ingenuous theoretical and empirical frameworks. We show theoretically and check empirically that distressed firms will dismiss with predilection their low-skilled employees eligible to retire early, given existing publicly-financed retirement schemes. We devise empirical strategies at individual exit & aggregate worker outflow level, on Danish LEED covering the entire set of mass layoff events over 2 decades, accounting for a number of reforms to the early pension system.
Keywords: early retirement, labour demand, employment adjustment, mass layoffs, LEED
JEL-codes: H32, H55, J26, J65
Work in Progress (plus some temporarily abandoned projects)
- Job Hazard Premia and Worker Risk Preferences (with Elena Cottini); stage: presentation mode; public draft available soon.
(Tentative) Abstract. We provide a fresh analysis of the theory of compensating wage differentials (CWD) using rich data on self-reported work environment conditions and worker risk attitudes, from a representative 5-wave (1990-2010, 5-year spaced) panel survey of workers, which we link to the Danish register, longitudinal, yearly, matched employer-employee data. Our study improves and extends previous CWD empirical analysis in several ways: a) in standard hedonic wage equations, we control for both individual and firm-specific time-invariant unobserved heterogeneity; we also report spell-first-difference estimates where workers report changes in work conditions within the same job spell; b) we account for worker heterogeneity in attitudes towards health/ safety risks, from information on workers’ smoking habits and their being parents of young children; c) we compare results in a) and b) with alternatives obtained by estimating the workers marginal willingness to pay for job amenities from job separation hazards. For a), we find that the work environment conditions compensated for by hourly wage premia, in the order of 4-6%, are related to flexibility in the working time (“shift premia”), namely “working in irregular shifts”, “working in the evening” and “working at night”. If we account for the selection of workers in hazardous jobs based on observed risk proxies and time-invariant unobservables, we find negative selection of risk-lovers into shift-jobs, with sizable hourly wage premia of 18-26%, while positive or no selection, and no compensation, in other types of hazard work. Finally, shift-jobs CWD estimates based on the worker’s employment history have magnitudes in between those at a) and b). We rationalize our results via a parsimonious model of job hazard premia and worker risk profiles.
- Performance Pay, Wage Dispersion, and Job Separation (with Miguel Portela); stage: presentation mode; public draft available soon.
(Tentative) Abstract. We investigate the effects of performance pay (PP) on individual wage growth, within and between-firm earnings inequality, and worker-firm separation, using exhaustive Portuguese linked employer-employee longitudinal data for 1986-2007. This is the first economy-wide study in the incentive compensation literature attempting to account for the endogenous compensation policy of firms and for endogenous selection of workers across PP and non-PP firms. In our empirical analysis we are able to control for both unobserved worker and unobserved firm specific heterogeneity, and to proxy for the firm’s costs of switching across PP and non-PP regimes. Inter alia, emphasis is placed on the determinants, effects, and dynamics of managerial incentive pay and turnover. We rationalize our findings by means of an extended Lemieux, MacLeod and Parent (2009, QJE) model.
- Worker-Firm Dynamics with Seniority Bargaining (with Coen Teulings and Miguel Portela); stage: presentation mode; public draft available soon.
(Tentative) Abstract. We provide microfoundations for worker seniority (a worker’s tenure relative to the tenure of all her co-workers at the firm) as natural bargaining device in large firms with stochastic product demand and irreversible firm-specific investments required for each newly hired worker. The firm and its workers simultaneously bargain for layoff order and wage schedule, whereupon infra-marginal senior workers get wage premia and layoff insurance. Buhai et al (2014, ECTA) have already shown empirically that wages increase and job exit hazard decreases with seniority, on exhaustive linked-employer-employee-data from Denmark and Portugal. Using the same data, and econometric methodology adapted from both Buhai and Teulings (2014, JBES) and Buhai et al (2014, ECTA), we argue that the seniority profile in wages is a proxy for the return to the extent of worker-firm specific investments.
- Employee Wage, Employer Size and Stochastic Labour Demand; stage: presentation mode
- A Real Options Theory of Labor Turnover
- Business Cycles and the Age Structure of Labour Adjustments. Structural Framework and Empirical Assessment (with Hans-Martin von Gaudecker)
- Disentangling Labor Adjustment Costs (with Miguel Portela)
- Recovering wage offer and employee productivity distributions in search models: an empirical investigation using Danish data (with Jesper Bagger)
- Estimation of an Equilibrium Model of Firm Dynamics (with Julien Prat)
- On Labour Market Transitions under Efficient Bargaining and Idiosyncratic Productivity Shocks (with Dimitris Pavlopoulos)
- Structural Estimation of a Two-Sided Matching Employer-Employee Model (with Daniele Condorelli)
- Peer Group Effects and College Choice (with Marisa Hidalgo Hidalgo)
- Experimental Evidence on Fairness among Workers (with Jens Grosser)
Published Dissertations & Scientific Reports
Essays on Labour Markets: Worker-Firm Dynamics, Occupational Segregation and Workplace Conditions (digital version accessible via the EUR online repository), PhD Thesis 2008, Erasmus University Rotterdam/ Tinbergen Institute, published as book by Thela Thesis -Academic Publishing Services, in the Tinbergen Institute Research Series (no. 431), Amsterdam, The Netherlands; November 2008
Wages, Seniority and Separation Rates in a Stochastic Productivity Model: A Comparative Perspective, MPhil Thesis 2003, Tinbergen Institute, published as monograph by the Lumen Publishing House (Editura Lumen), Iasi, Romania; February 2006
Quantile Regression: Overview and Selected Applications, Ad-Astra Journal (Young Romanian Scientists’ Journal), Vol. 4, 2005
Selected unpublished work from my graduate student days (surveys, reports, course papers, etc.)
For research publications/ working papers/ dissertations in other scientific fields/ disciplines than Economics, please see the corresponding section of my Curriculum Vitae page; for works often containing research bits/ partly based on research, but targeting a potentially wider audience, please see my Essays page; you can also check out the list of courses followed during my graduate education programs at the Tinbergen Institute, with (non-updated) links to their instructors’ webpages (for external summer schools and workshops, please see the corresponding section in my extended CV). Finally, you should also check out my (mostly research-based) teaching activities.
Sebastian Buhai’s Teaching in Economics
I am a keen promoter of research-based teaching, holding the view that both scientific research and (post)university-level teaching are sine qua non ingredients of true academe and highly complementary inputs in efficient academic production processes. The following quote from Wilhelm von Humboldt’s (1810) “On the Internal and External Organization of the Higher Scientific Institutions in Berlin” aptly illustrates this perspective:
“Science cannot be truly lectured on as science without again conceiving of it as self-actuating each time, and it would be incomprehensible if people did not in fact in the process often come upon discoveries. Moreover, university teaching is not such an arduous business that it should be regarded as interruption of the leisure for study rather than an aid to the same.“
At the same time, I firmly believe that modern university-level teaching could and ought to adapt to the preferences and needs of the modern student, inter alia adopting the latest teaching innovations, without compromising on either depth or breadth of messages to be conveyed. To that extent, the next quote by Herbert Simon is pertinent:
“Teaching is not entertainment, but it is unlikely to be successful unless it is entertaining.”
Teaching Background and Interests
I have formal qualifications/ training for higher-education teaching from The Netherlands and France, and I have so far taught various Economics courses in Denmark, Romania and Sweden—at both undergraduate and graduate levels, to both small and very large classes, and in both longer-term and intensive “mini-course” formats.
My main (but not the only!) teaching—and student supervision—interests are, obviously, in accordance with my current main research interests:
- Microeconometrics (Theory, Methodology, Applications; including parts that could be stand-alone courses, e.g., Structural Econometric Modeling, Duration Analysis, Program Evaluation, Statistics in Econometrics, etc.)
- Labor Economics (Micro & Macro; including parts that could also be taught as stand-alone courses, e.g., Personnel Economics, Economics of Education, Specific Labor Markets, Search and Matching in Labor, etc.)
- (Empirical) Industrial Organization
- Economics of Strategy
- (Applied) Microeconomics
In inverse chronological order, with brief descriptions/ further information links for the more recent courses/ lectures:
- “Publishing meaningful scientific research in Economics (and related Social Sciences): A hands-on guidance for PhD students and researchers in Romania”, 23-24 November 2017, 2-day seminar/ mini-course organized by the Babes-Bolyai University (UBB) ’s Institute for Advanced Studies in Science and Technology (STAR-UBB Institute) and its Center for Continuing Education and Distance Learning (CFCIDFR), Cluj-Napoca, Romania; course synopsis (including detailed recommended reading).
- Graduate level mini-course, approx. 40 participants (PhD or postdoc researchers from various sciences, especially, but not exclusively, from Social Sciences and Economics); organized as 2 intensive lectures of 3 hours.
- Aims: hands-on-guidance on how to produce and disseminate what counts as meaningful scientific research in Economics from the current, mainstream, international perspective. While the lectures were primarily targeting scholars and doctoral/ master students in Economic Sciences from Romanian universities and research institutes, anybody interested in Social Sciences more generally could potentially benefit from the pragmatic discussion and tips on academic reading, writing, speaking, publishing, as well as interacting with the wider society.
- “Introduction to Structural Econometric Modeling”, 25 September 2017, invited (2-hour) guest lecture, within the course “Economics Research and Communication”, at Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden
- Undergraduate level lecture, with approx. 35 student participants (some part of the Erasmus exchange)
- Aims and goals: overview of the debate/polemic between structural vs. atheoretical approaches in applied (micro)econometrics; construction/ evaluation of structural econometric models; (very easy) introduction to structural modeling of IO demand systems. See short list of recommended further reading.
“Topics in Empirical Industrial Organization”, 25 July 2017: intensive crash/refresh mini-course, at the Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Babes-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca, Romania; associated to the ERMAS 2017 conference (conference keynote speakers: Eric Maskin, Ariel Pakes, Aureo de Paula, and Victor Rios-Rull); online mini-course description, including recommended literature (also via https://econ.ubbcluj.ro/ermas2017/en/curs.php)
- Graduate/ continuing-education mini-course, with approx. 35 participants (including Economics PhD students and faculty from various Romanian universities, as well as practitioners from the Competition Council in Romania, etc.); organized as 2 intensive sessions of 3 hours
- Aims and goals: overview of some of the state-of-the-art econometrics tools for analyzing industrial market outcomes; I covered the main methodological issues arising in the estimation of demand systems, the estimation of production functions, and I gave a bird’s-eye view on the empirical analysis of dynamic oligopoly games.
- “Industrial Economics” (co-taught), Fall 2008 + Fall 2009, at Department of Economics, Aarhus School of Business, Aarhus University; renamed “Advanced Industrial Economics” at Aarhus more recently
- Large master level course, with approx. 250 master students; consisted of 27 formal lectures spread over 7 weeks, with 4 lectures (once 3)/ week (usually organized as 2 consecutive lectures, in each of 2 separate week days), and final 3-hour written exam as course assessment; course credits: 5 ECTS.
- Aims and goals: Students are expected to become familiar with the various models of competition, the determinants of market structure, the conditions that make collusion attractive/ feasible, and the role of competition policy. Inter alia, the course seeks to provide basic tools for understanding differences in the intensity of competition across industries, and its consequences on prices, quantities, quality choice, efficiency, welfare, market structure, and the possibilities of collusion.
- Topics I taught: entry deterrence / accommodation; product differentiation; market concentration/ power; price collusion; demand system estimation; production function estimation; etc.
- “Economics of Strategy” (co-taught), Fall ‘08 + Spring 2010, at the Department of Economics, Aarhus School of Business, Aarhus University
- Large master level course, with approx. 150 master students; consisted of 27 formal lectures spread over 7 weeks, with 4 (once 3) lectures/ week (usually organized as 2 consecutive lectures in each of 2 separate week days), plus a final 3h written exam as course assessment; course credits: 5 ECTS.
- Aims and goals: Students are expected to understand how a firm can build an organization to achieve strategic goals. Inter alia, this implies studying the boundaries of the firm, the development of newer trends such as outsourcing, offshoring, crowdsourcing, how firms can create incentives to motivate employees to work in their best interest, and how firm structure generally relates to firm strategy.
- Topics I taught: agency, ownership and control; horizontal and vertical boundaries of the firm; incomplete contracts and the property right approach; relational contracts; corporate hierarchy and culture; etc.
- “Descriptive Economics”, Fall 2008 to Spring 2009, Aarhus School of Business, Aarhus University
- Bachelor level course: instruction/ supervision of small groups of students in writing, presenting, and acting as discussants of their colleagues’ term-length individual ‘seminar’ papers. Organized as follows: 2 lectures, plus (optional) meetings with each student during Fall 2008; subsequent presentation/debate sessions (1 student presenter, and 2 “opponents”) of standard lecture time, in Spring 2009 (end March- May); course credits: 5 ECTS.
- Aims and goals: Students are expected to acquire introductory notions of basic Econometrics applied to specific topics within (in my case) “Labor Markets” and respectively “Education”, concretized through their writing/ presenting/ discussing of term-length descriptive empirical papers.
Sebastian Buhai’s Miscellaneous Essays
Next to the selected essays below, I also post (lately not so…) regularly in blog article/ essay format on the followings weblogs:
- Personal blog (posts in English or Romanian). View also my former blog (NB: if some links for older posts do not work in my current blog, they should work in my former—where they were mechanically migrated from).
- Blog EconAcademia (posts in Romanian): a blog by Romanian academic economists, which I initiated in December 2014; direct link to my posts there.
Most essays collected here target a wider audience—i.e., not only academic, or at least not just Econ-academic—although often scientific research and/or other academe-originating concepts are to some extent involved. The documents linked below are mostly (though not always!) in Romanian, but usually have brief explanations in English around them. Related relevant material is available under various ‘news media’ format on my media-coverage page. You can also find a selection of my undergrad student essays (all in English) from University College Utrecht, Utrecht University, on my “UCU” page.
Click on the icon and/or corresponding web-links to download/access PDF (or other online format) copies. Neither the explanations nor the links are guaranteed to be updated subsequent to their initial posting here, hence it is possible, e.g., that some links have ceased working: let know if you find such cases (I have sometimes anticipated that by also providing print-screen PDFs, if initially in newspaper format, etc.).
Selection of some relatively recent essays/ presentations:
- “The Rise for Academic Integrity in Romanian (Domestic) Economic Sciences“, 1st version online on 4 Dec 2016. Co-authored by 9 Romanian economists from universities abroad and inside Romania, this study—complementing Buhai, Litan and Silaghi (2015), see the bullet point below on this page—shows that in Romania almost no academic economists meet basic international criteria for research quality, such that Romania’s (=an EU member, to put it in perspective) research output in Economic Sciences, adjusted for quality according to (any usual) international standards, is half that of Africa’s average(!), below that of unfortunate countries such as Sri Lanka, Cameroon, Uganda, Ghana, Trinidad-Tobago, Nigeria (not a joke, sadly). At the same time, the national evaluation/ promotion standards used in this field are fully out of line, such that even academics of global acclaim, including Nobel Laureates, John Bates Clark, or Yrjö Jahnsson awardees, would not *minimally qualify* for Econ professorships in Romanian univs (not a joke either). Given that the domestic criteria in place have been decided by individuals failing any international scientific standards, some of whom also violate academic ethic in other ways, and that those people have influence over criteria to be set in the future, this is unlikely to change on its own. We therefore ask the global community of academics’ support for restoring sanity and decency to Economic Sciences in Romania, while calling on all domestic econs to rise for academic integrity and honor, for proper recognition of scientific values. The conclusions of this analysis have been commented by various mass media, including newspapers, radio, and news outlets; see my media coverage page for entries in December 2016 for such links. A large number of (foreign or domestic, including from other sciences) academics have already expressed dismay at the current state of affairs in RO Econ—for public reactions see, e.g., (re)tweets on the EconAcademia twitter in Dec 2016.
- “Disincentivizing the performance: the case of the Romanian national criteria for evaluating research in Economic Sciences”: English abstract of an article (in Romanian) that I wrote together with Cristian Litan and Gheorghe Silaghi in December 2015, as a chapter of the 2015 Report of the Think Tank G3A, concerning Science Policy in Romania (Report published in the December 2015 edition of the Journal of Science Policy and Scientometrics/ Revista de Politica Stiintei si Scientometrie). This paper was also presented, in English, in a plenary session on misevaluation of the RO Econ academe, at the ERMAS 2016 conference in Timisoara. We provided a descriptive analysis showing the absurdity of the Romanian national criteria for evaluating scientific research, and their consequences materializing in the proliferation and promotion of scientific pseudo-values, in the case of the Economic Sciences. Under the pretext of local scientometric objectivity, there are currently in use in Romania domestic evaluation standards that have nothing in common with the international academic standards used in the civilized world, explicitly ignoring the quality of the publications and implicitly disincentivizing performance and excellence in scientific research. This study (and its subsequent plenary conference presentation) has received extensive press (and even national television!) coverage in Romania: for collections of such links please see the ERMAS 2016 mass-media exposure document, the entries dated Aug/Sep 2016 on my media coverage page, or a brief summary (with reader comments) on my blog. Finally, this article has been also published—and subsequently discussed through blog comments—on Blog EconAcademia, a blog of Romanian economists initiated in Dec 2014.
- About an opportunity for the National Bank of Romania to make history and revolutionize research and graduate teaching in Economics within Romania, by following the Bank of Italy’s and Bank of Spain’s example with their EIEF and CEMFI institutes, and setting the basis of a “Romanian Institute for Economics and Finance” (Institutul Roman pentru Economie si Finante=IREF in Romanian): I wrote this essay (in Romanian) on 1 June 2015 for Blog EconAcademia, a blog of Romanian academic economists that I initiated. This initial article was excellently adapted for the Romanian newspaper Adevarul by Remus Florescu; see also my press coverage page: look up the entry for 17 June 2015.
- Initiating manifesto – in Romanian and respectively, in English – for the 1st Edition of the Annual Scientific Conference of Romanian Academic Economists from Abroad (in Romanian: 1a Editie a Conferintei Stiintifice a Economistilor Romani din Mediul Academic din Strainatate= ERMAS), co-authored with Mihai Copaciu, Cosmin Ilut, and Cristian Litan, in December 2013. A brochure for that conference, gathering several documents (the manifesto, our call for papers, the final program, and the list of participants) can be accessed here in Romanian or here in English. Full details at conferinta.econacademia.net or, easier for only English speaking folks, at english.econacademia.net. We also wrote a short statement for the Romanian press underlining some of the expectations for this conference (many of them fulfilled, a posteriori). See also a PDF list with links to press coverage of the ERMAS 2014 conference and its aftermath (including press coverage of our being awarded one of the “Top 100: People and Ideas that Move Romania” Foreign Policy (FP) Romania Prizes, at the category “Ideas/Projects”, in early March 2015, for initiating this ERMAS conference).
- Detailed answers to what finally became an unpublished 10-questions “interview” requested by Romanian national newspaper “Romania Libera”, 10 February 2012 (in Romanian)
- An article entitled “Unii dintre noi vom avea atâta timp liber încât ne vom plictisi. Altii deloc…” (this direct link to the article in Cotidianul online appears to have stopped working at some point, but use the link to the PDF copy from earlier) that I wrote for the Romanian newspaper Cotidianul in their series “5000 de semne ale viitorului”, published on the 20th of April 2008 (some info about the series in this article by Alexandra Badicioiu). The article linked above also contains some biographical information (both the article and the information have been edited by the journalists from Cotidianul to fit the required space and the format). If the direct link above stops functioning properly, you have above a link to the version saved on my site. There are also some more details and further references to the article linked in the comments section of this post on my old blog. The whole series was then published in a companion book “5000 de semne ale viitorului”: scan of front cover, first page of my article, second page of my article.
- Scientific Colloquium of Romanian researchers in Denmark, at the residence of the Romanian Ambassador in Denmark, Theodor Paleologu, on the 10th of March 2007. I presented “Economia ca stiinta sau despre imperialismul economic intre stiintele sociale”; you can dowload the PDF presentation linked at the start of this paragraph (in Romanian). I talked a bit more about this colloquium on my blog (also in Romanian). And you can also find something about this event on the site of the Romanian Embassy in DK.
Selection of older essays/ presentations, published in various Romanian mass-media (online or in print format; click to download):
First some short articles (in unedited version) published within the Educational Supplement of the newspaper Gandul, on the lives of several Nobel Laureates (that section is actually called, in direct translation from Romanian, “the Nobel Laureates are also humans…”). I don’t know yet if I will continue with this series.
- John Harsanyi: O Calatorie Incredibila sau “Daca Vrei cu Adevarat, Poti!” (You can also read this from my blog)- this has not been published in Gandul yet (or this is what I know, it sounds incredible but I am actually never informed whether something was published, will be published and so on- another reason why I am not sure whether it is worth continuing- my 100% voluntary- collaboration there).
- Jan Tinbergen: Un Om de Stiinta Coborat din Turnul de Fildes (I posted this also on my weblog, here).
- Jim Heckman: Independenta, Perseverenta, Excelenta. Punct si de la Capat… (You can also access it via my weblog)
I also published a short economic article (the most difficult part was to keep it that short) in the newspaper Cotidianul.
- Snapshot Economic al Europei in Tranzitie: Noiembrie 2005 .You can also read it directly on their site (I also posted it on my weblog).
I wrote another article
initially for the same newspaper Cotidianul but apparently they did not like it (I say “apparently”, since in fact I was never given a reason for “why not”, which is what I would have expected from rational people) so at the very end of the day I ended up just posting it on my blog. Well, who’s interested will find it, read it and- you’re welcome to, by the way- comment on it and on anything else that you find on this page.
I continue with the listing some articles that were initially published on the Romanian online independent portal “Romania, Libera in Viitor” (RLIV), within its weekly electronic publication called “ACUM” (you can find all other articles I wrote for RLIV-ACUM here), sometimes followed by their commenting or re-publication also in other mass-media outlets.
Highlights from RLIV-ACUM (especially articles concerned with science and research policy in Romania):
- Perspectiva Candidatilor la Presedintie asupra Cercetarii, Stiintei si Tehnologiei. Exemplul SUA, Deziderat in Romania
My questions concerning the status of scientific research in Romania from the second part of this article (the essay was published here, in the RLIV-ACUM’s “Research, Science, Technology” (in Romanian: “Cercetare, Stiinta, Tehnologie”) section that I founded and maintained as editor until June 2005), inspired from the questions addressed by the prestigious journal Science to the USA presidential candidates and addressed to the Romanian presidential candidates in 2004, were publicly sustained by means of open letters, by the Ad-Astra Association of Romanian Researchers (in Romanian: Asociatia “Ad-Astra” a Cercetatorilor Romani), the Romanian Academic Forum (in Romanian: Forumul Academic Roman=FAR) and by several scientists of Romanian origin, including the Nobel Prize Laureate, Professor George Emil Palade. Some accounts in the mass-media and on the web sites of the organizations involved can be read in what follows: press communicate FAR, press communicates Ad-Astra, open letter signed also by Prof. Palade, other echoes in the Romanian mass-media: Evenimentul Zilei (also here and here), Ziua (also here), Romanian Global News (also here). Two of the Romanian presidential candidates answered the questions, Mr. Marko Bela and Mr. Adrian Nastase. A reaction of FAR to these two answers can be read here.
This short essay is the result of a joint brainstorming of several Romanian scientists working in research outside Romania, voluntarily organized in a taskforce to help the Romanian Ministry of Education in its planned reform of the Romanian High Education and Research sectors- it summarizes imperative measures needed to reform the doctoral programs in Romania and to consequently contribute to the rebirth of the Romanian doctoral prestige. It was published here, in the section “Cercetare, Stiinta, Tehnologie” of RLIV-ACUM. Miruna Munteanu wrote an excellent article related to this document in Ziua.
I wrote this essay linked above for the conference “Migration of Young Romanian Researchers: Performances and Possibilities of Return”, organized by the Romanian Cultural Institute (Institutul Cultural Roman=ICR) in Sinaia,October 2004. The essay can be found on the site of the ICR, it was published also on RLIV-ACUM (here with the abstract in the beginning as well), and in the Ad-Astra Journal.
- PDF Presentation of the paper “Conditia Cercetatorului…” (plus some other thoughts), at the Sinaia conference mentioned above
Some people in the audience totally disagreed with me, but that presentation seemed to be interesting (provoking?) enough to get me quite a few subsequent interviews for Romanian TV channels, radio, and press…
Other— random selection—articles published in RLIV-ACUM (selection):
- Scurt despre Zei si Pamanteni in Context Autohton
- Cum Clavis: Modul de Alegere a Viitorului Papa
- Opinia Cititorului: Cu Trenul prin Romania. Partea a II-a
- A Face o Diferenta
- Noteaza-ti profesorii: www.calificativ.ro
- Reflectii (Utopice) de Duminica Seara pe Tema Societatii Civile Active
- Opinia Cititorului: Cu Trenul prin Romania
- Cat de Fioros Este Leul Greu? Despre Implicatiile Denominarii Monedei Nationale din Iulie 2005
- Consideratii Subiective asupra Retoricii Publice: Logos, Pathos, Ethos in Versiune Mioritica
- Note de Trecere, Mizerii si Dogme
- Elitele Autohtone: Conflict si Mediocritate (Pledoarie pentru Cooperare)
- Plesu si Mancatorii de Sarmale
- Un ecou la “Elementele Nonverbale…”
- Ma-Ia-Hii, Ma-Ia-Huu, Ma-Ia-Hoo, Ma-Ia-Haa si Adevarata Muzica Romaneasca
- Germania de Est: Popularitate Ingrijoratoare a Extremismului Politic
- Performanta Economica a Presedintilor Americani in Perioada Postbelica
- Talmaciri din Harry Mulisch: “Descoperirea Paradisului”
- “Cercetare, Stiinta, Tehnologie”: O Rubrica la Inceput de Drum
- 15 milioane de Oameni
- Fahrenheit 9/11- FILMUL
Mass-media coverage of Sebastian Buhai
Below you can check out a selection of press/magazine articles and other news media, including television or radio talk-shows, where I have been interviewed/ invited/ covered (with saved PDF versions where possible—clicking on —should the direct links cease to function); although most articles are in Romanian, they have often got brief explanations in English below on this page (for newer items). Please note that items are not updated/ rechecked after their initial posting. The starred ones are larger contributions (long interviews, live talk-shows, etc.). In reverse chronological order (and listed on this page with a certain time lag):
- Actual de Cluj, 15 August 2017—saved PDF version—by Kristina Restea: “Din grupul economiştilor care au declarat război imposturii în mediul academic din Romania, tara unde premianţi de Nobel nu au loc în Universităţi. Sebastian Buhai, cercetător român la Stockholm: “Vorbim de o lume paralelă, asta e şocant!””. This interview with excellent questions by journalist Kristina Restea takes on, inter alia, expected eventual changes in the Romanian academic system following our Buhai et al (2016) report and manifesto: “The Rise for Academic Integrity in Romanian (Domestic) Economic Sciences” (see also the 4 Dec 2016 entry on my “essays” page for further details; for other extensive coverage in the Romanian mass-media about that report please see below on this “media coverage” page the entries dated 14 Dec 2016 and 6 dec 2016); the Actual de Cluj article was also taken over, in various formats, by, among others, InsideCluj.ro, Romania24.net, CentruldePresa.ro, PortalZiare.ro, I-ziare.ro, Index-stiri.ro, etc. Unfortunately, despite the extensive media coverage and the thumbs up from many academics (economists and beyond) inside and outside Romania, Romanian decision-makers in context did not do almost anything to address and correct the absurdities (inter alia, “academic prostitution” is but an euphemism to picture what is asked from our economist colleagues inside Romania to be successful and to promote within the current system) that we pointed out in that report (as well as in reports from previous years, e.g., this one…). Surely then, the show *must* go on and, hopefully, many more will join in our (velvet) revolution!
- Live 30-min interview on Look TV—the “Casa Poporului” program hosted by Ciprian Aron, 1 August 2017, about the persistent, ubiquitous, to-many-unbelievable-but-sadly-real problems of the Romanian university/ academic system concerning Economic Sciences (and not only), and about initiatives meant to help, such as, e.g., the ERMAS annual conferences, etc. No link online appears to be available, but see some pics.
- Actual de Cluj, 26 July 2017, by Kristina Restea: “Ce fac economiştii din diaspora în ţara unde laureaţii de Nobel nu au loc în universităţi“, about the ERMAS (2017) conference and its contribution to bringing back to life Economic Sciences in Romania; taken over, under various formats, also by Hotnews.ro, Fluierul.ro, Roportal.ro, Instrainatate.ro, etc.
- Adevarul, 24 April 2017, by Remus Florescu, “„Marşul pentru Ştiinţă” în ţara în care se fac analize economice bazate pe numerologie. Cum poate fi România „reparată”“—with expanded comments about this Romanian ‘march for science” also on my blog.
- Comments/ consultation for various articles published in the national newspaper “Romania Libera” or by the Romanian Center for Investigative Journalism (CRJI), January-November 2017, mostly by the investigative journalist Sorin Semeniuc, about cases of plagiarism and other violations of academic ethic among Romanian dignitaries: Isarescu: 23 Jan 2017 and 25 Jan 2017 ; Tranca & Matei: 31 Jan 2017; Grindeanu: 3 Feb 2017; the “doctorate factories” inside several Romanian ‘academies’: 21 Mar 2017; Serban Nicolae I: 21 May 2017 (on the same topic, see also Starea Natiei, 16 May 2017, from min 10); Tudose: 4 Jul 2017; Enache: 30 Aug 2017; Serban Nicolae II: 22 Nov 2017, CRJI.
Adevarul, 14 December 2016—saved PDF version—by Remus Florescu, “Cercetarea economică din România, sub cea a ţărilor africane. Revoluţia „de carton“ a CNATDCU: „poţi în continuare candida cu lucrări în hernie abdominală“”. If the previous bullet point (6 Dec 2016 entry) tackled coverage of Buhai et al (2016)‘s main findings (see also my essays page, 4 Dec 2016 entry), this interview focuses on what was achieved through the national CNATDCU-ECON’s newly voted criteria (on 5 Dec), subsequently signed into law by the then-Minister of Education & Research (on 20 Dec). Short answer: almost nothing (even this tiny, malformed, redundant ε is likely to die young, given the new RO Gov and particularly—ironically from the perspective of our study—the new educator-and-researcher-in-chief). Florescu’s article has also been distributed by, e.g., Antena.ro, Baleares.ro, Fluierul.ro, Ziare.com, ZiaruldeIasi, Portal-ro.com, Infoziare.ro, etc. Despite media exposure and vehement scientist reactions—many public or directly sent to CNATDCU—the pseudo-scientific, incumbent Econ nomenclature has again chosen to sacrifice academic decency, at the expense of the RO Econs’ long-term well-being, and of the RO academe’s/ society’s welfare more generally. The saddest is that utter failure affected even decision-making technocrats expected to fully grasp our study’s implications (after all already obvious from my mediatised earlier study—see below); this was ex post reconfirmed, e.g., by an amazingly bad (albeit some ok parts) interview with M. Andruh, CNATDCU head and, unlike others therein, a qualified scientist (fast reactions here, here, here, or here). What now?… Do not forget, do not forgive, relentlessly pursue (the Romanian dream of) academic integrity & scientific performance: we shall overcome!
PressOne, 6 December 2016—with saved PDF version—article by Bianca Felseghi, entitled “Laureații Nobelului pentru Economie nu întrunesc criteriile pentru a fi profesori în România”. This is a good commentary in Romanian—including additional answers I gave to the journalist—of some of the main aspects of a paper written in English by myself and eight others, Buhai et al (2016): “The Rise for Academic Integrity in Romanian (Domestic) Economic Sciences”; see my “essays page” the 4 Dec 2016 entry, for details. In a nutshell, RO Econ Sciences are, in terms of quality-adjusted research output, at 1/2 of Africa’s (!) level, while criteria for evaluating performance therein are out of touch with sanity, s.t. even Econ Nobel Laureates would not minimally qualify for professorships: we call for a rise against the regime which enacted & continues to defend this imbecilic state of affairs. Felseghi’s PressOne commentary of our study was subsequently featured in a comedy show by Europa FM, a national radio broadcaster, as well as summarized/ distributed by other media outlets, such as Money.ro, Cultural.bzi.ro, Antena3.ro, Ziare-pe-net.ro, Ziarelive.ro, personal blogs, etc. Some public reactions from foreign/RO scientists have been collected as “retweets” on twitter EconAcademia (Dec 2016).
Adevarul, 23 September 2016—with saved PDF version—by Remus Florescu: “Cercetător român la Universitatea din Stockholm, despre învăţământul din ţară: „În România, un doctor în economie nu mai înseamnă, din păcate, nimic“”. This is the 2nd part of an interview in Adevarul on the implications of Buhai, Litan and Silaghi (2015): “Disincentiving the performance: the case of the Romanian national criteria in Economic Sciences” (English abstract), now specifically about wider, societal consequences, and about what was done, and what to do about the truly inane status quo in RO domestic Economic Sciences; see the bullet point entry for 19 August 2016 below for the 1st part of this interview. This Adevarul article was disseminated also through Antena.ro, Gazetarul.ro, Nmedia.ro, ZiaruldeIasi, Roportal.ro, ZiareLive.ro, Ziare.com, etc. Read also an overview on my blog: “Despre universuri paralele in evaluarea performantei in cercetarea economica”, with reader comments covering both interview parts from Adevarul.
Romanian Center for Investigative Journalism (CRJI), 12 September 2016, by Sorin Semeniuc—saved PDF version—on the plagiarism of “academic experts” (here, one of many losers w/out any expertise from the national decision-making CNATDCU body) appointed to assess alledged plagiarism by other ‘wannabe academics’ (here, a hapless former RO Minister of Internal Affairs), ubiquitous in my country… I am quoted in a paragraph at the end of this article stating that plagiarism in RO is the tip of the iceberg (RO journalists care only about plagiarism), the problems of academic misevaluation, awarding of titles and perks, and promotion/proliferation of pseudo-values being widespread and more important for both academe and society—as I & co-authors have shown for Economics (see my ‘essays page’ or relevant bullet points on this page). This gets eventually back to who is to set standards, who is to evaluate “evaluators”? My sine qua non is that any “evaluators”, any decision-makers such as CNATDCU members, have to be *internationally* acknowleged as relevant in the academic profession, and w/o the slightest trace of ethics violation. The CRJI article was covered also by 7est.ro, Nasul.tv, ReporterIS.ro, ZiareLive.ro, etc.
Digi 24 TV: “Starea Natiei”, 31 August 2016, minutes 39-43: no less than 4 min allocated on a popular national Romanian TV comedy show hosted by Dragos Patraru, to the subject of ERMAS, disincentiving scientific performance, and the Romanian Rahova Institute of Technology. For foreigners: get someone to translate that clip for you, since it scores reasonably high on the fun scale (albeit with tragic nuances for RO Econ academics, and eventually for the RO society). This was again popularising some of the findings by Buhai, Litan and Silaghi (2015)—see also the previous bullet point.
Adevarul, 19 August 2016—with saved PDF version—by Remus Florescu, in Romanian, entitled “Economistul genial considerat „şansa României la Nobel”, profesor la Oxford şi la Sorbona, nu e suficient de bun şi pentru a preda la o universitate din ţară” (the journalist’s title might appear exaggerated, but is meant to capture the paradox as vividly as possible…). This is a press material commenting the Buhai, Litan and Silaghi (2015) study—see also my ‘essays page’ for the entry dated December 2015—about the absurd, fully inane national criteria of evaluation/promotion in Romanian domestic Economic Sciences, embodying a universe parallel to both scientific excellence and academic mere decency, given international standards for this field; it contains further interview QAs. This was further disseminated under various formats (summary, commentary) by other outlets, including B1.ro, Business24.r0, Wall-Street.ro, Alternativenews.ro, StirileKanalD.ro, Antena.ro, Realitatea.net, Gazetarul.ro, ZiaruldeIasi, Ziare.com, Sputnik.md, 9am.ro, etc. The ERMAS 2016 conference press coverage also contains selected links. Read also the corresponding post on my blog: “Despre universuri paralele…”, with reader comments and reactions.
Adevarul, 18 April 2016, with its saved PDF version, an article by Petre Munteanu entitled “100 FP Romania/ 2015:- what was relevant in terms of Ideas & Projects: academicians, historians, politologues, psihologists, economists, entrepreneurs” (RO: “100 FP Romania/ 2015- ce a fost relevant in materie de Idei & Proiecte: academicieni, istorici, politologi, psihologi, economisti, antreprenori”), with info on the new FP Romania Laureates “Top 100: People and Ideas which Move Romania”—category Ideas/Projects, including my own listing there; the bullet point below has more details.
Foreign Policy Romania, nr. 50, ed. Feb/March 2016, available fully only in print, in Romanian; see the relevant page scan (see also the category screenshot from the FP Romania Top 100 Prize Gala in March 2016); an article with detailed information about all the 2016 FP Romania Laureates “Top 100: People and Ideas which Move Romania”, including my own listing there under the category “Ideas/ Projects”, and the entry “Sebastian Buhai, economist: For the Insistence to Align Economics Research in Romania to International Standards ” (in original: “Sebastian Buhai, economist: Pentru Insistenta de a Alinia Cercetarea Economica din Romania la Standarde Internationale”). More specifically, I was listed in this FP Romania top 100 for a proposal that the Romanian National Bank (BNR) starts a Romanian Institute for Economics and Finance (“Institutul Roman pentru Economie si Finante”=IREF), analogous to the Bank of Italy-initiated EIEF and respectively the Bank of Spain-initiated CEMFI. This was my 2nd consecutive listing in the Foreign Policy Romania Top 100, in the previous year being listed, together with 3 colleagues, in the same “Ideas/ Projects” category—and then actually winning the category’s prize—for initiating the ERMAS conference (see corresponding links below).
Adevarul, 14 December 2015, by Remus Florescu, in Romanian, with the title “De ce esueaza reformele Educatiei: spiritul de turma si centralizarea puterii. Trasaturile lumii academice romane incompatibile cu modelele occidentale”, summarizing conclusions of the 2015 Report of the G3A Think Tank on Romanian academic/research policies, where I and two co-authors contributed an analysis on the dismal situation of Economic Sciences within Romania (read the abstract in English, entitled “Disincentivizing the performance: the case of the Romanian national criteria for evaluating research in Economic Sciences”)
Press release of the National Bank of Romania (BNR), 5 October 2015: the BNR Governor’s speech in a ceremony rewarding BNR researchers admitted to present papers at the Annual Conferences of Romanian Academic Economists from Abroad (ERMAS), which I together with 3 colleagues initiated in summer 2014 (see further links below for various prizes/articles related to this conference).
- Live 50-minute interview/ discussion on the Romanian TV channel Digi24 (Cluj-Napoca), “Vocile Clujului” rubric, with Marius Benta as — superlative — moderator, 28 July 2015. If easier to access, now you can also see this interview on YouTube. In this talk-show, entitled “Economist din diaspora: Cercetarea de top este posibilă în Romania”, I have discussed some of the steps that need to be taken in Romania in order to eventually reach excellence in terms of scientific research and graduate education status quo, with focus on Economic Sciences (arguably, Economics has one of the sorriest state among all sciences represented in my country). Inter alia, my advice for my co-nationals was to plagiarize… yes, to plagiarize!… but with a twist: they need to stop- and punish properly- plagiarizing scientific papers or PhD theses as currently habitual even at governmental levels in Romania, and instead copy/plagiarize/emulate the organization/management of scientific research and graduate education from e.g., US, UK, Western Continental EU. The large and reasonably successful community of Romanian academic economists from the diaspora is ready to help, but our colleagues from within Romania have to be prepared to listen carefully and act… before further generations are lost. To read comments subsequent to that talk-show see my corresponding blogpost.
- Adevarul, 17 June 2015 (with saved PDF version), in Romanian: under the (translated from Romanian) title “A Romanian economist from the diaspora challenges Mugur Isarescu [Governor of the National Bank of Romania=BNR hereinafter]: BNR should capitalize on the top Romanian economists from outside the country“, this is Remus Florescu’s well adapted version of an article I initially wrote for Blog EconAcademia (blog of Romanian academic economists that I initiated and co-founded in December 2014), proposing that BNR sets up a research institute in Economics similar to the Einaudi Institute for Economics and Finance (EIEF) from Rome (founded by the Bank of Italy), revolutionizing the current, dismal status quo of the research and graduate education in Economics from inside Romania. The Adevarul article has been taken over by other online (news) sites, such as Gazetarul.ro, Comisarul.ro, RadioIntact.ro, Fluierul.ro, Ziare.ro, etc.
- “Sinteza- Revista de gandire si cultura strategica”, number 15, April 2015, in Romanian (available fully only in print; see imperfect fast-scanned version): adapted interview with me by Elena Nicolae, nicely entitled (by her) “The voice of the eXported Generation” (in original “Vocea generatiei eXportate“). I discussed briefly and generally about the Romanian ‘Generation X’ and how I fit in that, including my impression of Romania under Communism, the Romanian December ’89 revolution, my experience of studying/working outside Romania from very early on, etc.
- Adevarul, 4 March 2015 and Adevarul, 6 April 2015 (with saved PDF versions, pdf_4March2015 and respectively pdf_6April2016), in Romanian: 2 articles by Petru Munteanu with the list/description of the 2015 Foreign Policy (FP) Romania Prizes “Top 100: People and Ideas which Move Romania” (=”Top 100: Oameni si Idei care Misca Romania”); I have been awarded the 2015 FP Romania “Top 100” Prize– jointly with Mihai Copaciu, Cosmin Ilut and Cristian Litan– within the category “Ideas/Projects” (=”Idei/Proiecte”), for our initiating the Annual Conferences of Romanian Academic Economists from Abroad (“ERMAS” as Romanian acronym). The more recent article linked here is an ‘extended version’ of all those listed within the “Ideas/Projects” category of the 2015 FP Romania Top 100; starts with my colleague Mihai Copaciu’s photo receiving the category prize on our behalf, in Bucharest, 3 March 2015.
Foreign Policy Romania, nr. 44, ed. Feb/March 2015 (available only in print; a relevant PDF fragment), in Romanian: an article with detailed information about the 2015 FP Romania Prizes “Top 100: People and Ideas which Move Romania”, including the prize that I and 3 other colleagues have won for initiating the ERMAS conference, within the category “Ideas/Projects”, see also the bullet point immediately above. This article was mentioned, inter alia, also in a press communiqué of FSEGA, Babes-Bolyai University, superlative hosts of the very first ERMAS edition (you can also check out a compilation of various news media about the 1st ERMAS conference edition, including on this FP Romania Top 100 prize).
- Adevarul, 1 January 2015 (with saved PDF version), in Romanian: interview in this newspaper’s cycle “Romani cu care ne mandrim” (=”Romanians who make us proud”), published in the very first day of the new year(!), in which I answered questions about my recent initiatives concerning Romanian academic economists, about my best research published in 2014, and offered my New Year wishes for Romania.
- Adevarul, 12 November 2014 (with a saved PDF version, in case the link stops working), in Romanian. An article by Remus Florescu, slightly adapting my questions on science/ research/ education policy addressed to the Romanian presidential candidates from the 2nd election round, November 2014 (this article gathered more than 1800 “likes” online on the Adevarul website, after just 1 (one) day since publication). The initial material embedding these questions appeared on my blog (where you can also read comments and my reactions to them). These 2014 questions are, in fact, identical to the ones I have addressed to the then-ROpresidential candidates a decade earlier, in Nov 2004 (e.g., see below on this media-coverage page, around November 2004; search also my essays page for documents from around that date), when they were also sustained by several associations of Romanian researchers, and individually by some of the top Romanian scientists from abroad, including the Romanian Nobel Prize winner George Emil Palade; then, in 2004 (as, sadly, now in 2014) few of the presidential candidates bothered to answer anything (and none replied concretely and/or to the point; for some of those 2004 documents, candidate replies, etc, consult a sum-up by the Ad Astra Association of Romanian Scientists), and, unexpectedly, nothing significant changed in terms of science or education policy in my country, which still performs below any other EU countries and way below its potential. This article from Adevarul appeared also on Yahoo News Romania or Comisarul de Cluj.
- Foreign Policy Romania (FPR), October-November 2014 edition– appeared in print 6 october– (so far only in print; in Romanian). The print edition has my short bio (with some errors, e.g., missing again one of my university degrees, but overall fine) on page 8- glimpse here– and an interview, taken by Raluca Maxim, on pages 40-41, entitled “Repatriere stiintifica. La ce pot fi buni acasa economistii romani validati in centre de cercetare majore din lume” , glimpse here. See also the index of topics from this FPR edition.
- ‘Sinteza- Revista de gandire si cultura strategica’, number 8, September 2014 edition (only in print; in Romanian), ample material by Elena Nicolae in the ‘Intelligent Business’ section– under my headline “Noi nu ne-am saturat de Romania” (which appeared also in one of my interviews mentioned below on this page, about 10 years earlier)– covering the ERMAS 2014 conference, based on interviews with myself, Mihai Copaciu, Cristian Pop-Eleches, Nicolae Garleanu, Virgiliu Midrigan and Mihai Manea. A glimpse of this Sinteza material (Sinteza’s journalists took pretty nice pictures!).
- VoxPublica.Realitatea.net, 22 August 2014 (in Romanian) , an article-analysis by Ciprian Domnisoru.
- Adevarul, 21 August 2014 (in Romanian) This material from Adevarul was also taken over by Yahoo News Romania.
- Adevarul, 20 August 2014 (in Romanian) . (Flattering) Article by Remus Florescu (from its very title: “Mintile sclipitoare ale Romaniei care schimba economia lumii. De ce nu s-ar intoarce acasa”), based on interviews with myself, Mihai Manea and Nicolae Bogdan Garleanu (NB: the article has got some relatively minor errors — such as missing one of my academic education degrees, etc.– but overall is written well and obviously with noble intentions :-)). This article also appeared and/or was mentioned/ adapted on Wall-Street.ro, Comisarul.ro, Romania20.org or Momentozero.eu.
- Actual de Cluj, 19 August 2014 (in Romanian)
- Digi24 Cluj-Napoca, 18 August 2014 (in Romanian), with short video interview about the ERMAS 2014 conference (following after Mugur Isarescu and Cristian Pop-Eleches in the linked videoclip). The content of the article appeared also on Yahoo News Romania.
- Hotnews, 14 August 2014 (in Romanian)
- Live 50-min dialogue on Romanian TV channel Digi 24 Cluj, 23 July 2014, together with Cristian Litan, and Marius Benta from Digi. If easier to access, now you can also watch this discussion on YouTube. The talk show was about ERMAS 2014 (18-22 August, Cluj-Napoca, Romania), i.e., the first edition of the Annual Scientific Conference of Romanian Academic Economists (“Conferinta Stiintifica Anuala a Economistilor Romani din Mediul Academic din Strainatate” in Romanian), which I have initiated and co-coordinated, including about its objectives, participants, near and far future, and related discussions about the Romanian scientific research, etc. All materials about the conference can be consulted on conferinta.econacademia.net (look for the PDF documents, available usually in both Romanian and English). These documents are also be accessible from my webpage with miscellaneous (non-research) essays.
- Live 50-min discussion on Romanian TV channel Digi24 (Cluj-Napoca), rubric “Vocile Clujului”, together with Marius Benta and Razvan Florian, 3 April 2014. If easier to access, now you can also watch this dialogue on YouTube. Inter alia, Razvan and I discussed about the current status of research and research policy in Romania, concrete ideas/ chances of bringing back or collaborating with the best Romanian scientists abroad, my involvement with the 1st Annual Scientific Conference of Romanian Academic Economists from Abroad (ERMAS 2014), and even… Salvo Montalbano, in the Romanian academic context :-). For some background in these discussions you may also want to read this essay on the condition of the Romanian scientific researcher that I wrote in 2004, or this other essay with questions addressed to the Romanian presidential candidates also in 2004, both mentioned in my Digi 24 interview (more such materials can be consulted here). And, of course, not sufficiently discussed in this interview, feel free to browse my and some of my enthusiastic Romanian economist colleagues’ initiative, Econacademia.
- Contributors.ro, 18 December 2013 (in Romanian) , article by Virgil Iordache.
- Tinbergen Institute Magazine #27, Fall 2013 (in English) See page 8 of this PDF.
- Hotnews.ro, 18 February 2013 (in Romanian) With the program of this RUSMG (the best I could do at the time in terms of a general name/ acronym :-)) workshop (in English)
- Romanian Embassy in Denmark website, 6 October 2012 (in Romanian) See also the full YouTube video record of the 6-10-12 BRAINetwork event that was mentioned in this article (my address starts about 33m30s – in Romanian; the subtitles in English are mostly fine, but not always correct).
- EVENTUALLY UNPUBLISHED 10-question interview in Romania Libera (the journalist who wanted to interview me, Petre Badica, seemingly changed his mind after I sent him– true, rather late: the excuse is that we have also other things to do in academia– the answers), 10 February 2012 (in Romanian)
- Live 40-min dialog on Romanian TV channel TransilvaniaLive.ro (former NCN.Ro), within the “Ziua de Zece” rubric (with Marius Benta and Sabin Gherman), 22 December 2011: I could not retrieve this online yet, will post a link here once I do. I discussed, inter alia, about the European Union labour market and Romania in this context, including labour market restrictions still kept by some of the EU Member States, North-South labour market differences in the EU etc. (in Romanian)
- Live interview on Romanian TV channel NCN.ro, within the “Cluj Zi de Zi” rubric (Ciprian Aron interviewer), 2 September 2010 (in Romanian): link1, link2 (my interview is the last of that day, starts about 94’30”). The interview was mainly about the status of the Romanian education and scientific research (e.g., recent education reforms of the Education Minister, Daniel Funeriu etc.), comparison to other European systems and to the USA etc. (in Romanian)
- Flacara, 20 January, 2009 (in Romanian)
- Cotidianul, 20 Aprilie, 2008 (in Romanian)
- Noua revista Cultura, 9 March 2006 (in Romanian)
- Internal University Press, Aarhus School of Business, 23 February 2006 (in Danish)
- Cotidianul, 26 October 2005 (in Romanian) (see also a note from the “Catavencu Media Group” about this )
- Timpul, 5 May 2005 (in Romanian)
- Ev. Zilei interview with then-Ad-Astra director Razvan Florian, 23 November 2004 (in Romanian)
- Forumul Academic Roman, comunicat de presa, 22 November 2004 (in Romanian)
- Ziua, 19 November 2004 (in Romanian)
- Cultura, November 2004 (in Romanian)
- Romanian Global News, 16 November 2004 (in Romanian)
- Romanian Global News, 3 November 2004 (in Romanian)
- Adevarul, 19 October 2004 (in Romanian)
- Elsevier, October 2004 (in Dutch)
- NRC, 2 April 1999 (in Dutch)
Sebastian Buhai’s Projects and Links
See also a bunch of random links from my older website, which I should (re)organize as soon as possible…